The Difficult Definition of "Syrian": It was never a single ethnicity.
|Berlin, StM. Zincirli (Sam'al). Orthostat with a sub-Hittite warrior or god.|
|PHOENICIAN. New York, MMA. Romantic exoticism, Phoenician adaptation of late Egyptian style: note the "Tutankhamen proportions" of the figure and the type of sandals. From the Assyrian palace at Nimrud. 9 or 8 c BCE. H. 5 5/16"|
|Berlin, StM. Zincirli (Sam'al), time of King Barrakub, ca. 720s BCE. Detail of the Aramaean princess on her grave stele. Notice her rosette jewelry (typical) and her Phrygian-type (remarkable) dress pin.|
You can't imagine how few archaeological picture books there were in the early 1950s. I mean the kind that have adequate and correct captions, never mind that they looked like newspapaer photos. When in 1952 I took the Survey course in ancient art, the two most useful were Helmut Bossert's Alt-Kreta and Alt-Syrien. Popular accounts, themselves new, like Gods, Graves, and Scholars, were scantily illustrated and, for that matter, very generalized.
When I had been retired for several years, aware of the horrendous prices of the new textbooks and concerned for students worldwide who might not have affordable access to any orderly corpus to study, I felt that I had to offer my mid-20c (so "traditional" simply because it comprises what the University Prints offered at the Survey level, held together by my outline as free of ideology as I could make it) and offer it free of charge.
You will notice that the posts are in reverse chronological order. The University Prints have their own captions (and some of them are very old and corrected in the accompanying texts). The images from my own teaching collection are hand-held color photos.
You can open to the Introduction page and, from the list at right, go to the page that will help you put Syria in its place in history.